Working with people new to Essbase every three to six months, I am always looking for ways to show users their hierarchies effectively. Many of them don’t have access to Essbase administration services or EPMA. So, I always fall back to excel as a distribution method, as well as documentation, to show hierarchies.
Expanding hierarchies to all descendants is a great way to show small hierarchies, but, I am always asked to make it a collapsible hierarchy using the Excel grouping feature. The challenge of doing this manually to a hierarchy with thousands of members is that it is extremely time consuming and very error prone.
The following script can be added to any workbook to automate this effort.
Sub CreateOutline() Dim cell As Range Dim iCount As Integer For Each cell In Selection 'Check the number of spaces in front of the member name 'and divide by 5 (one level) iCount = (Len(cell.Value) - Len(Trim(cell.Value))) / 5 'Only execute if the row is indented If iCount <> 0 Then cell.EntireRow.OutlineLevel = iCount Next cell MsgBox "Completed" End Sub
First, this sub routine has to be added to a workbook. Open up the visual basic editor. Right click on the workbook in the project explorer window and add a new module. Paste the code above in the new module. The editor is in different places in different version. In Excel 2007 and 2010, the Developer ribbon is not visible by default. To make it visible, go to the navigator wheel and click Excel Options. There is a checkbox named Show Developer Ribbon that will make this developer ribbon viewable.
How To Use
First, open the member selection option in the Essbase add-in or smart view and select the parent. Add all its descendants. Alternately, change the drill type to all descendants and zoom in on the member of the hierarchy.
Retrieve, or refresh, the data, and make sure the indent is set so the children are indented. Now, highlight the range of cells that has the hierarchy/dimension that the grouping should be applied. This should include cells in one column of the worksheet. Open the code editor and place the cursor inside the sub routine you added from above and click the green play triangle in the toolbar to execute the script. When this is finished, go back to the worksheet with the hierarchy and it will have the hierarchy grouped.
Excel limits the level of groupings to eight. If the hierarchy has more than eight levels, they will be ignored. Now, the hierarchy can be expanded and collapsed for viewing.
Shortcut keys or toolbar buttons can be assigned to execute this function if it is used frequently. If you are interested in doing this, there are a plethora of how-to articles on this topic. This Google search will get you started if you choose to go down that path.
So, the next time you need to explain a hierarchy in Essbase, or distribute it in a common format, hopefully this script will help.